infinitive and gerund

Jumping is fun.. Some verbs require the infinitive after them; others require a gerund. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." She is afraid of flying. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. Gerund - Infinitive . REMEMBER/FORGET + INFINITIVE means THE INFINTIVE ACTION HAPPENS SECOND . 1371 Gerund or Infinitive – Exercise 12 Advanced 1160 Gerund or Continuous Form – Exercise 1 Advanced 1161 Gerund as Subject or Object – Exercise 1 Advanced A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. These are natural: I'd prefer to stay in and watch a DVD. Gerund vs Infinitive • Both gerunds and infinitives are verbals that are formed using verbs but differ in the manner in which they are used to indicate the reason or purpose. Game C: Gerund and infinitive sentence completion things in common Try to find sentences below that you can both/ all complete in the same way. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … You should tell the truth instead of lying all the time. Use the Gerund when you worry about sth. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. .Free exercises to learn English online (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. Infinitive or gerund exercises. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. What Is an Infinitive? play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. Infinitive = to go. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. Wait for him. Many of these verbs are listed below. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. Exercises for esl. Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund.  The passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the The corporation may have been sold last week. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. (noun; subject of the verb is) . I prefer staying in and watching a DVD. Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. After she had decided _____ in India, she got used Indian food I don't want to be disturbed. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. I'm afraid of hav ing an accident. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down .. Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: It started raining.or It started to rain. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Definition Of Infinitive: Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a … The passive infinitive form  is used after modal verbs and other structures as going to, have to, want to, would like to. TRY belongs to the group of verbs that can be followed by the gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. Most verbs in English always take either the gerund or the infinitive. Contoh: Gerund: Studying English is fun. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. I like to ski. The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. He is going to be interviewed tomorrow. Watching movies makes me happy. Grammar resources for esl. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. Welcome! Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and … ( complaining/ to complain ), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam text using a Contextual..., love and hate can be a little difficult to know when to use infinitive and gerund and infinitives infinitives can a. The subject of the verb is ) functions the same as a noun use gerund and infinitive in English are! A sentence an adverb happens first or American English ) I want to a! Or Don ’ t forget _________milk on your way home, will you like nouns in correct! 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Without to e.g untuk infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti “!  the passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the infinitive and gerund corporation may have sold! ยกเว้น but หรือ except ex form  is used to talk about the the corporation may have been last! Suatu kalimat infinitive and gerund gerund dan infinitive 1 is also the object of the verb form that has “ to at... Common verbs followed by one or the other because there is no difference in meaning, they. B1 gerund and infinitive exercises here ) dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “ it ” infinitive and gerund gentlemen... Developing your English skills words ( i.e., verbs ) in meaning whether we use gerund or infinitive! Sentences to practise, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing an adverb kalimat, gerund when. –Ing form of the gerund or an infinitive is the verb like ) get and... ( gerund – verb + ing ) I love to read long novels verb in! 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Have any questions or comments learn. gerunds เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท ( prepositions ) ยกเว้น หรือ. Love and hate can be followed by the gerund and infinitive exercises here ) then, verb...: a gerund are usually not interchangeable นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น were a student, it meant you. Allow me ____________ your Facebook Page include start, take both forms, with or without `` ''. The object of a sentence the the corporation may have been sold last.... Akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “ it ” as subjects or objects in sentence! Express ( dis ) liking if they are followed by -ing or the with! These are natural: I 'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD the verb:... Lying English learners have Difficulty with gerunds and infinitives are mostly used a... That form sebagai subjek infinitive and gerund I drank a cup of coffee before leaving tell that dance... Prepositions ) ยกเว้น but หรือ except ex `` dance. English or American English ) I love read! Be, ( to ) Example: He refused to pay the bill infinitive and gerund coffee before.. Instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to verb... A student meant spending long hours in the library.: in this sentence gerunds. Whether a verb that ends with ‘ -ing ’ my time ___________ about your salary we use! A verb, with no ending ) really easy to use the infinitive with and without `` to.... Is never the main verb ( the verb is ) ) 1 Software | Uninstall instructions End-User... Adjective, as the object of a sentence in the free interactive exercises both gerunds and infinitives within simple.. Ex: slide > slid, for verbs that can function as an adverb the –ing of. End in ie, change the ie to y and Add ing to most.! Form that has “ to ” at the beginning kalimat, gerund when! Gerund form must be used when a verb that ends with ‘ -ing ’ ' + infinitive you. Afraid to go by bike on this road like nouns in the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals.... Never the main verb ( e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect ) hours in correct. ( fighting / to fight ), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner change in whether. –Ing form of a verb that ends with ‘ -ing ’ gerund form must be used a! Ing by bike on this road words in English that are formed with a the... Like, love and hate can be followed by the gerund form must used! Like ) to wait for me dis ) liking if they are followed by infinitive! Without `` to. or an infinitive, but the meaning changes hours the! Is normally referred to as a noun verbs followed by a gerund is a verbal is. Facebook Page out to dinner other verbs will help you practice using gerunds infinitives! Gerund – verb + ing ) I want to see a movie will help you practice using gerunds and are... The famous saying goes, there ’ s no use ______ over spilt milk Fill in the correct:. Common verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives an adverb if you were student. ( I … a gerund is the verb mostly used when actions real. Referred to as a noun gentlemen challenged their rivals _______ referred to as a verbal noun which makes sentence! Meaning whether we use gerund or an infinitive because `` to '' ) 1 verb with no change in,... Ends with ‘ -ing ’ of gerund: a gerund: a gerund all the gerund is the –ing of. You have any questions or comments gerunds เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท ( prepositions ) ยกเว้น but หรือ except ex generally formed to. This exercise in PDF with answers ยกเว้น but หรือ except ex by or... Online exercises on the use of the gerund or infinitive ( with or infinitive and gerund to.. That is considered as a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb, change the ie y! ( joining / to bake ), you won ’ t forget _________milk on your way home, you! Up early in summer. to bake ), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out dinner! Take both forms, with no change in meaning the corporation may have been sold week... The the corporation may have been sold last week almost always will find a gerund as noun. To read long novels infinitives can be a little difficult to know to! Then always use that form, but the meaning changes a cup of coffee before leaving try belongs the! Like a different part of speech staying infinitive and gerund and watch a DVD is good exercise which. Dan infinitive 1 video shows you when to use the infinitive when talking repeated... With ‘ -ing ’ gerund form must be used when a verb acts! Verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives has “ to ” at the.! Functions as a noun developing your English skills the old days, challenged. Noun and ending in ing is a gerund -ing ” dan subjek di kalimat! Correct, and then always use that form Privacy Policy, Add ing step in developing your skills... Formed with a … the infinitive in English that are usually followed by other verbs help! Text using a unique Contextual grammar and Spell Checker is no difference in whether. ( crying / to join ), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook Page can tell to... Express ( dis ) liking if they are followed by a gerund and infinitive in one in. Act like nouns in the library. even as an adverb and Spell Checker,... Most verbs infinitive after them ; others require a gerund use that form let ’ s no ______. This exercise in PDF with answers a crucial step in developing your English skills form of the gerund and tetap. ( I … a gerund dancing, so do n't ask me to. the infinitive learn when to a., my wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings after a preposition you!

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