world meteorological organization history

The Congress is led by an Executive Council led by the President, currently Gerhard Adrian of Germany.[8]. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations dedicated to meteorology (weather), climatology (climate), operational hydrology (water) and other related geophysical sciences such as oceanography and atmospheric chemistry. The Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), The WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Kingdom (Regions I, IV, V, and VI), United States of America (Regions IV and V), This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 04:56. Dr Randall Cerveny is a President’s Professor in Geographical Sciences who specializes in weather and climate in the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning at Arizona State University, USA. WMO celebrated its 70th Anniversary in 2020. [7], Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the WMO is governed by the World Meteorological Congress, composed of member states, which meets every four years to set policies and priorities. In a statement, Mr Jarraud said that the honour reinforced the need to integrate science and its findings on climate change into the political decision-making process with respect to global warming. It has a total of 25 member states and 2 member territories. The World Meteorological Organization said global temperatures so far this year were 1.1 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial average between 1850-1900, making 2019 one of … These are BUFR, CREX, and, for gridded geo-positioned data, GRIB. The member states are:[27], Region V consists of 21 member states and 2 member territories. WMO history WMO originated from the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was founded in 1873. Role Title Holding Repository; referencedIn: Reichelderfer, Francis W. (Francis Wilton), 1895-1983. But the history of international cooperation in meteorology dates back much earlier than 1950. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories. Ocean heat is at record levels, with widespread marine heatwaves Arctic saw exceptional warmth UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres drew extensively on WMO's provisional report on the State of the Global Climate 2020 in his speech on the State of the Planet today. ), Region I consists of the states of Africa and a few former colonial powers. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for promoting international cooperation on atmospheric science, climatology, hydrology and geophysics.[2]. In World Meteorological Organization …WMO was preceded by the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), a nongovernmental organization of the heads of various national weather services founded in 1873. The WMO originated from the International Meteorological Organization, a nongovernmental organization founded in 1873 as a forum for exchanging weather data and research. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for promoting international cooperation on atmospheric science, climatology, hydrology and geophysics. The use of easily remembered names greatly reduces confusionwhen two or moretropical storms occur at the same time. The establishment of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in March 1950, following the entry into force of its Convention, and the designation of WMO in 1951 as a specialized agency of the United Nations, heralded a new era for international cooperation in the field of meteorology, hydrology and related geophysical sciences. Cook Islands and Niue are WMO Members but non-members of the United Nations. One year later, WMO became a United Nations specialized agency and, today, WMO Member States and Territories number 193. The member states are:[28], The Cook Islands and Niue (both are in free association with New Zealand), Region VI consists consist of all the states in Europe as well as some Western Asia. Its current Secretary-General is Petteri Taalas and the President of the World Meteorological Congress, its supreme body, is David Grimes. Established in 1950, WMO became the specialized agency of the United Nations in 1951 for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences. The 400 resolutions reflected the wide range of topics that had been considered at the meetings of the technical and regional commissions in Toronto the previous month – codes, units, diagrams, symbols, instruments, methods of observation, station networks, telecommunications, the safety of air navigation, climatological statistics, publications, documents, education, professional training, meteorological research, legal issues and administrative matters. World Meteorological Organization. It was found that the world concentration of three types of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, which cause global warming, was the highest in the history of observation last year. The six WMO Member Territories are the British Caribbean Territories (joint meteorological organization and membership),[22] French Polynesia, Hong Kong, Macau, Curaçao and Sint Maarten (joint meteorological service and membership)[22] and New Caledonia. The latest data from the World Meteorological Organization shows the month of July "at least equalled if not surpassed the hottest month in recorded history" — and it … Sustainable Development Summit adopts sustainable development goals and 2030 agenda, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report published, Small Island Developing States Conference focuses on building weather and climate resilience among SIDS, 25 years Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) anniversary, WMO Conference on Gender Dimensions of Weather and Climate Services, The World Weather Open Science Conference, High-level meeting on National Drought Policy, hosted by WMO, IBCS-1 established its Partner Advisory Committee (PAC), World Climate Conference-3 builds on the legacy of the First and Second World Climate Conferences in 1979 and 1990, WMO-UNEP Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, jointly with Mr Al Gore, former US Vice-President and environmental campaigner, Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Launch of International Polar Year 2007-2008 co-sponsored by the International Council for Science and WMO, International Conference on Secure and Sustainable Living: Social and Economic Benefits of Weather, Climate and Water Services (Madrid, Spain), Antarctic ozone hole most serious on record, First World Conference on Disaster Reduction (Kobe, Japan), International Meeting to Review the Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (Mauritius), Secretariat of the international Group of Earth Observations established in the WMO Secretariat, Second Technical Conference on the Participation of Women in Meteorology and Hydrology (Geneva), Launch of Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Programme, WMO Space Programme and Programme for the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) (under Technical Cooperation Programme), World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, South Africa), Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Inauguration of new WMO Headquarters in Geneva, Kyoto Conference establishes target and timetable for reducing greenhouse-gas emissions, International Meeting on the Participation of Women in Meteorology and Hydrology (Bangkok, Thailand), Climate Information and Prediction Services (CLIPS) established, Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Foundation stone of WMO new Headquarters building laid, First World Conference on Disaster Reduction, United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), International Conference on Water and the Environment (Dublin, Ireland), First meeting of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, Second World Climate Conference initiates the Global Climate Observing System, International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction begins, First Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Global Atmosphere Watch established to monitor atmospheric composition, WMO and UNEP initiate the process which leads to negotiations of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, WMO/UNEP Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change established, Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer, WMO long-term planning process established, First World Climate Conference, leading to the establishment of the WMO World Climate Programme, Global Weather Experiment and Monsoon Experiments under the Global Atmospheric Research Programme, Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS) established jointly by WMO and the International Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), WMO conducts first international assessment of the state of global ozone, WMO activities in the field of operational hydrology designated as the WMO Operational Hydrology Programme, Tropical Cyclone Project established, later upgraded to Tropical Cyclone Programme, Launch of International Geophysical Year 1957-1958, WMO becomes a specialized agency of the United Nations. He also expressed his gratitude to WMO and UNEP, the co-sponsors of IPCC, for their support. The World Meteorological Congress, which consists of representatives of all 185 members, meets at least every four years to set general policy and adopt regulations. The award ceremony took place at Oslo City Hall, Norway on 10 December 2007 in the presence of the King and Queen of Norway. Hurricane Harvey was a devastating Category 4 hurricane that made landfall on Texas and Louisiana in August 2017, causing catastrophic flooding and many deaths. The WMO is a founding organization of the IPCC. [11], In keeping with its mandate to promote the standardization of meteorological observations, the WMO maintains numerous code forms for the representation and exchange of meteorological, oceanographical, and hydrological data. World Greenhouse Gas Concentration Highest in Observation History World Meteorological Organization Analysis November 24, 4:27. The WMO is made up of 193 countries and territories, and facilitates the "free and unrestricted" exchange of data, information, and research between the respective meteorological and hydrological institutions of its members. Ten United Nations member states are not members of WMO: Equatorial Guinea, Grenada, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and San Marino. "[14] The following units, which include units which are not SI units, are recommended by the WMO for meteorological observations: As of May 2019, WMO Members include a total of 187 Member States and 6 Member Territories.[22]. [3] Proposals to reform the status and structure of the IMO culminated in the World Meteorological Convention of 1947, which formally established the World Meteorological Organization. The World Meteorological Organization has had five Secretaries-General since 1952 - Michel Jarraud (1 January 2004 to 31 December 2015), Godwin Olu Patrick Obasi (1 January 1984 to 31 December 2003), Aksel C. Wiin-Nielsen (1 January 1980 to 31 December 1983),  David Arthur Davies (1 January 1956 to 31 December 1979), Gustav Swoboda (1 January 1952 to 31 December 1955). But the issue of greatest importance to IMO after the war was its status and structure. PART I - ESTABLISHMENT [] ARTICLE 1 []. At the same time, the Com, The Secretary of the IPCC, Renate Christ, holding the Nobel Prize Diploma, with (from right to left), Michel Jarraud, Former Secretary-General of WMO 04-15; Mostafa Tolba, former Executive Director of UNEP; and Yuri Izrael, Vice-Chair of IPCC. The Executive Council (EC) implements Congress decisions. By 1939, a draft of a new World Meteorological Convention (the Berlin Draft) had been prepared but further action on its approval was inevitably delayed by World War II. Our mission, therefore, is to enable aeronautical meteorological service providers of WMO Members to provide high-quality, timely and cost-effective meteorological and climatological information and decision-support services to international civil aviation users worldwide. The annually published WMO Statements on the status of the World Climate provides details of global, regional and national temperatures and extreme weather events. World Meteorological Organization. Prior to 1999, marine meteorological and oceanographic observations, data management and service provision programmes were internationally coordinated by two separate bodies - the WMO, through its Commission for Marine Meteorology (CMM), and UNESCO's IOC, jointly with WMO, through the Committee for the Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS). The WMO was created by the World Meteorological Convention, which was adopted at the 12th director’s conference of the IMO in 1947. Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre, https://public.wmo.int/en/about-us/secretariat, https://library.wmo.int/doc_num.php?explnum_id=10076, https://public.wmo.int/en/resources/wmo-building-conference-centre, http://library.wmo.int/pmb_ged/wmo_1161_en.pdf, https://public.wmo.int/en/media/press-release/climate-breaks-multiple-records-2016-global-impacts, https://public.wmo.int/en/about-us/members, World Meteorological Organization - Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of Observation - Preliminary seventh edition - WMO-No. The Chairman of the IPCC, Rajendra Pachauri, received the award on behalf of the Panel and gave a lecture, in which he paid tribute to the thousands of experts and scientists who have contributed to the work of the Panel over almost two decades of evolution and service to humanity. It replaced the International Meteorological Organization, which was established in 1873. 8 - Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization – Geneva – Switzerland - 2006, "UN report: Covid crisis does little to slow climate change", "International Meteorological Organization (IMO) Prize", "Norbert Gerbier-Mumm International Award", "WMO Research Award for Young Scientists", "Members of Regional Association I (Africa)", "Members of Regional Association II (Asia)", "Members of Regional Association III (South America)", "Members of Regional Association IV (North America, Central America and the Caribbean)", "Members of Regional Association V (South-West Pacific)", "Members of Regional Association IV (Europe)", "International List of Selected, Supplementary and Auxiliary Ships", International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set, Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice, Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Mandela Rules), Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, UN Advisory Committee of Local Authorities, Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, World Federation of United Nations Associations, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights, Mozambique National Institute of Meteorology, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Argentina), Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology, Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies (Colombia), Instituto Nacional de Sismología, Vulcanología, Meteorología e Hidrología, Instituto Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología (Ecuador), National Center for Hydrology and Meteorology, Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysical Agency, State Hydro-Meteorological Administration, Macao Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau, Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, Institute of Seismology and Atmospheric Physics, National Center for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasting, Central Institution for Meteorology and Geodynamics, Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service, Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre, Hydrometeorological Institute of Montenegro, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera, Republic Hydrometeorological Institute of Serbia, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=World_Meteorological_Organization&oldid=996536217, International climate change organizations, United Nations organizations based in Geneva, Scientific organisations based in Switzerland, Environmental organizations established in 1950, Scientific organizations established in 1950, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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