four approaches to the study of religion

The author as part of his degree course has studied these two vastly differing approaches. Religion, in many ways, is a ubiquitous aspect of human culture. A criticism of Aurobindo’s view may be seen that it seeks to remain within religion itself, similar to that of Smart as they both emphasise the importance of the experience of religion, a personal contact with God or Gods, however within Marxism we can see a move away from this religious experience. 2 0 obj (Ninian Smart,pp10-12,Dimension of the sacred an anatomy of the world’s beliefs ,Harper Collins Publisher 1196) We see from Smart’s classifactory account, Smart’s perspective in sustaining a phenomenological perception to the methodology of approach to the study, is far different from the approach that Sri Aurobindo use. )Of course the phenomenological approach employed by Smart can be interpreted as an attempt of taking into consideration the individual experience of religion a at the same time trying to separate from it. 476 BCE) and Herodotus (ca. Waardenburg, Jacques Classical Approaches to the Study of Religion Aims, Methods and Theories of Research. Second, in the twentiethcentury, once philosophy of religion was … Although I cannot make the full case here, I sketch a preliminary defense of the third approach, in the context of recent debates in political theory. A 1993 study by Kosmin & Lachman indicated that people without a religious affiliation appeared to be at greater risk for depressive symptoms than individuals affiliated with a religion. To date, a much larger literature exists under the rubric of feministtheology than of feminist philosophy of religion. What may be the way forward in the teaching and definition of religion is to accept the singularity of each religion and each individuals faith and seek ways in which they can be accommodated within a safe international environment that moves away from empirical definitions. Four main reasonshave been suggested for this (Frankenberry & Thie 1994: 2–4). 550 BCE – ca. You can view samples of our professional work here. *You can also browse our support articles here >, The Practical and ritual dimensions (BBC.Religion). 1 0 obj Can we truly compare two totally different views religion one very internal the other very visual? THE ACADEMIC STUDY OF RELIGION To address the following questions, consider the four approaches to religion described in the introduction to this module: exclusivism, inclusivism, pluralism and empathetic interest in other people. Everyone thinks that if you study religion you're planning to be a priest. Religion escapes a simple definition, and so in our study of religion we must utilize a diverse range of approaches. We can confirm that the method of study that Smart used in his approach comprehend both external and internal analysis of religion, characterized by phenomenological perspectives. It also depends heavily on the motives the researcher brings to his or her investigation of religious or worldview issues. endobj ����5>~#sC�Y�QTN�mQ�rmP��ayI���)��E��3oE�,q �PT�%�� It also depends heavily on the motives the researcher brings to his or her investigation of religious or worldview issues. This approach can be better understood in his ritual dimension, involvement with worshipping, meditations, pilgrimages, sacrifices and healing activities .Of course doctrinal and philosophical dimension is to be taken in consideration without living behind the experimental and emotional dimension and the important ethical and legal dimension. <> Religion and ‘The Study of Religions’ has many approaches which try to investigate the core of what religion is and what it means to the people who practice it. Unfortunately we have history working against us, as the assumption that studying religion means being religious is burrowed deep in our culture and impossible to avoid. (James L.Cox,p.159.A guide to the Phenomenology of religion .key figure ,formative influence and subsequent debate. So he is proposing a mystical goal and from his yogic teachings he guides,shows and achieves that. He illustrate the introduction of Phenomenology saying, a lot of opinions have been written about not only the physical interchange of races but;, also ethnical and cultural, and especially upon values, so what take place when religions and their tradition convene? Others have no clear vision upon their religious identity and are searching possible traditions, ready to meet their spiritual exploration .So they start looking for different approaches to their study ,bringing along different opinions and whatever the process and methodology is, will bring them information from which eventually they will find answers or give opinion. He is not final. Psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to the diverse contents of religious traditions as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals. So with Aurobindo is clear the goal is more directly mystical ,to became one with the divine . The scientific study of nonreligion has been described as being ‘under the spell’ of religion because the vast majority of research investigates nonbelief in respect to belief. The Christian religion has many denominations, and each of them takes a slightly different approach to the various sources of Christian theology. It all depends on the person you are and the personal period of life you are going through. x��ko�6��~�-bYI=���_I�K�\�A�:E����}������I��JZ�w\�jErf8��~bo�~8�8c��;9;e��.[��{! Company Registration No: 4964706. ... education" without indoctrinating young people or violating the First Amendment's prohibition of establishing religion. Religion Legatus, for example, is an organization of 1,200 Catholic CEOs and spouses who meet regularly and are committed to "study, live and spread the Catholic faith in their business, professional, and personal lives." Some form of religion is found in every known culture, and it is usually practiced in a public way by a group. In his own words: “Man is on a transitorily passage . But what exactly is religion? (Michael T.Mclaughlin,p96, Editrice Ponteficia Universita` Grecoriana Roma 2003)In many occasions he confirmed that he does not intend to promote any old religion or to find a new one and he strongly oppose religious particolarism. SIMILARITY: Media and religion We will discuss religious studies as an academic discipline, the phenomenology of religion, history of religion, the sociological and anthropological approaches, the psychology of religion, ecological approaches, feminist theory, and post-modern theory. Looking for a flexible role? He explains that such experience definitely will change positions on previous views regarding religious tradition. First, from theseventeenth to the nineteenth century, the perspective of whiteEuropean males dominated the formative period of philosophy ofreligion to such an extent that it was hard to see how the distortionsof this long tradition might be overcome. ADVERTISEMENTS: Durkheim’s last major book “The elementary forms of Religious life” (1912) has been regarded as one of the most profound and most original work upon Religion. 4 0 obj Smart contemplated these question for many years investigating various religions in the world. Religion, we might say, is everywhere. Members work to help the underprivileged, build religious schools, support missionary work and promote Catholic values in business. 484 BCE – 425 BCE). (Stephen H.Phillips.p79,Aurobindo`s Philosophyof Brahman,E.J.Brill Leiden 1986), The strength of Smart can be seen that he does not wish to strip religion or faith down to one or two elements say belief in The Virgin Birth and the dogma of “out with the church there is no salvation” but his classificatory account makes it clear that it has many elements and strands. distinguishes it from other disciplines that study religion. phenomenology of religion is one of the major approaches within religious studies. We may conclude saying that maybe religions will never combine in to one global faith ,but we do think that the society is moving towards a global ideology that have a space for religion and identify the contributions of the diverse ethnicity and traditions and bring a new way in helping us to work together for the support of human values and spirituality. For the last four decades universities and schools have been acting in response to a constant , steady demand for courses upon the study of religion .The people who take these courses are usually involved in religion themselves ,many are involved a in religious communities or, wishing to know more and learn regarding the religious beliefs of others. In this post, I briefly set out three distinct approaches to the study of religion: criticizing religion, upholding religion, and disaggregating religion. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. The method used was to compare the subjective experience with the intent of shaping the arrangement of religion itself from within the structure. 4:1 (2015), pp. We can say that there are different approaches that can be taken when studying religion. Later, during the Middle Ages, Islamic scholars such as Ibn Hazm (d. 1064 CE) studied Persian, Jewish, Christian, and Indian religions, among others. phenomenology of religion is one of the major approaches within religious studies. The first history of religion was the Treatise on the Religious and Philosophical Sects (1127 CE), written by the Muslim scholar Muhammad al-Shahrastani. Religion, we might say, is everywhere. THE ACADEMIC STUDY OF RELIGION To address the following questions, consider the four approaches to religion described in the introduction to this module: exclusivism, inclusivism, pluralism and empathetic interest in other people. The practice of religion can include feasts and festivals, intercession with God or gods, marriage and funeral services, music and art, meditation or initiation, sacrifice or … Which Of These Four Approaches Do You Take In Your Everyday Life, And Why? stream Religion, in many ways, is a ubiquitous aspect of human culture. 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Browse our support articles here >, the Practical and ritual dimensions ( BBC.Religion ) Interview with Ninian Smart 1999... Learn vocabulary, terms, and Questioning 2 stage from Man to super being the! Doctrine say within the broad field of work on media and religion the and! Is on a transitorily passage brings to his or her investigation of religious or worldview issues young people or the. Described in his academic literature as a completely new way to the vision of evolution of you. Service is here to answer any questions you have about our services frameworks can be when!

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