stilt house earthquake

Dezeen Daily is sent every day and contains all the latest stories from Dezeen. Stilt Houses in Inle Lake / Myanmar. 15 Of The World’s Best Homes on Stilts 1) Sol Duc Cabin Seismic & earthquake resistant homes - prefab house designs engineered using Post and Beam construction Earthquake and Seismic Resistance is a Major Advantage of Topsider's Prefab Home Designs Topsider prefab homes can be found in earthquake and seismic zones from California to Alaska, Hawaii, the Caribbean and Japan. The stilt houses,also known as pile dwelling or corner house, are widely scattered all over the Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County, especially in the Qiyao Mountain, Fangdou Mountain, and Hegu Ancient Street. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking on the unsubscribe link at the bottom of every email, or by emailing us at privacy@dezeen.com. 24. Oct 8, 2018 - Explore Bryan Waid Leigh's board "HOUSES BUILT HURRICANE AND STORM PROOF", followed by 115 people on Pinterest. Additionally, the connection from the structure to the hillside is usually insufficient and puts the home in additional danger. Figure 3: Plan variations of typical Assam-type houses commonly built in NE India. 20. As the costs of hurricane damage increase, more and more houses along the Gulf Coast are being built as or converted to stilt houses. Another thought I had (which I have not seen an example of) is to build with concrete pillars and floor and include one all concrete room and the rest of the rooms and roof wooden. Measures can be used to make your home both resistant and resilient to flooding. Dezeen Weekly subscribers will also receive occasional updates about events, competitions and breaking news. These stilt homes usually are lacking in lateral support, such as shear walls, and thus are more susceptible to failure in the event of an earthquake. You will need to connect the two structures to make your house earthquake-proof. 02-20-2013, 11:22 PM What measures are available to help families build up their own levels of flood resilience? Go into your crawlspace or basement and look for steel anchor plates that connect the sill plate to the foundation wall. Stilt houses are houses raised on stilts over the surface of the soil or a body of water. Created from … Step 5 Establish a large panel system for residences. Brad Pitt's Make It Right housing foundation in New Orleans ... Visit our comments page | Read our comments policy, Earthquake-resistant school in Thailand raised up on stilts by Vin Varavarn Architects, More architecture and design for disaster relief. Vin Varavarn Architects built this secondary school on metal stilts in the Chiang Rai province in northern Thailand a year after a major earthquake had displaced 73 schools in … In the earthquake’s aftermath, department engineers formed a study group that identified stilt houses as the hillside homes “most vulnerable to earthquake damage.” Delli Quadri says the floor beams of the stilt houses that collapsed were not attached to foundations; when the stilts and cross-bracing systems faltered, the floors simply slid forward and down the slopes. At least two homeowners in the west hills have told me they heard that stilts actually may dampen earthquake forces (i.e. Many construction companies specialize in building these types of structures. Sure thing they are on Alta Mesa Drive, but if you go to approximately 4030 Avenida Del Sol, you can see them up on the hill best from that vantage point. Reply. It often serves as an icon of Philippine culture or, more specifically, rural cultures. At least two homeowners in the west hills have told me they heard that stilts actually may dampen earthquake forces (i.e. Resin panels inserted into the bamboo and metal roof allow sunlight to filter into the classrooms, which are furnished with wooden tables and chairs. Self-support stilt-houses at the coastal area have environment characteristics that are different from inland houses, and they have the disaster potentiality such as hurricanes, tidal waves, abrasion, earthquakes, and even tsunami. Stilt houses in Wellington I'll be in Wellington as of late July, and as such I've been checking out the rental ads daily on trademe. The tsunami waves can flow through the stilts underneath the house, leaving the upper structure intact. A severe earthquake hit the Chiang Rai Province in northern Thailand in May 2014, destroying 73 schools and displacing over 2,000 students. The house is then moved aside, a new pylon foundation is set in place and then the house is placed back on its new, higher foundation. save. Reply Delete. During seismic activity, their diagonal tension bracing stretches and weakens, allowing the earthquake’s forces to detach the home … Manager of Magic Castle’s operator resigns amid controversy. A common sight is a porch that has been torn away (Figure 11-4), or a fallen deck or balcony. The resulting space sheltered underneath functions as a place for outdoor activities. An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable and historically identifiable. Do you know where in the Hollywood Hills they are? How do I know whether my house needs earthquake improvements? See more ideas about house on stilts, beach house plans, house. With the surge showing no signs of slowing down, L.A. County facilities are preparing for how to allocate care in a crisis situation. Unlike buildings that have a basement, those built on stilts — with no walls in the ground storey — are more likely to collapse, as evidenced during the 2001 Gujarat earthquake. See more ideas about building a house, house design, hurricane. Not all stilt houses are created equal, and an earthquake can sort out the differences in no uncertain terms. Bambox Hut Jessica Mairs | 28 October 2015 8 comments Built in the wake of an earthquake, this secondary school in northern Thailand by Vin Varavarn Architects is raised above the ground on metal stilts … To be in Gleason’s house, one of more than a dozen stilt houses that curve along Oakfield Drive, is to feel suspended in midair at high altitude, aloof and above it all. Some hotels and rental hosts may still be taking bookings that California has banned. "The flower pots represent our message to remind the children that, in spite of the harsh and cruel realities of caused by natural disasters, nature can also bring beauty and joy to every day of their lives," said the architects. The stilt houses are very adaptable to climatic conditions and coastal disasters. “Life is in session down there--150,000 people going about their life.”. The answer to your question is that it is very rare that flash floods could cause damages to a stilt structure. Bamboo shelves installed under the translucent eaves host colourful pot plants. Earthquake is a 1974 American ensemble disaster drama film directed and produced by Mark Robson. From houses in Inle Lake to earthquake-resistant structures in Indonesia, from a “bomb village” in Laos to the traditional Thai house, the stilt house is one way people have come to live with nature. This stilt house sits on a half-acre lot and, as you can imagine, much of it is steeply sloped—there's obviously no backyard. "The land slope had been utilised with the architecture to create an extra semi-outdoor multifunctions space under the building.". Stilt houses were a simple, inexpensive engineering solution to the problem of building on spectacular hillsides. Hordes of YouTube vigilantes awaited. As earthquakes hit strongly in places as divergent as California, Tennessee, New York, Japan and Brazil, more builders, architects and property owners look for ways to build earthquake-resistant housing. However just looking at the pictures my first reaction is "if an earthquake hits, that house is going to end up upside-down at the bottom of the hill!" Living in stilt houses is not for everyone. Two flights of steel and timber stairs lead up to the three classrooms within, which are clad in a combination of fibre cement and bamboo – a selection made for its low cost and weight. The first thing you need to do is find out if the foundation of the home is securely connected to the sill plate. Over 1,500 people die in one week — a staggering number that represents nearly 7% of the state’s more than 22,000 total coronavirus-related fatalities. It has been compelled by the atmosphere for billions of years and to heck with those in its way. From houses in Inle Lake to earthquake-resistant structures in Indonesia, from a “bomb village” in Laos to the traditional Thai house, the stilt house is one way people have come to live with nature. Stilt houses are renown in Indonesian vernacular architecture. i’m quite the worrier and have been wondering what the protocol is in an earthquake on a home that is on stilts. Looking at them, it’s hard not to think that what ultimately keeps them up, in a place of earthquakes, mudslides and wildfires, is airy confidence itself, a kind of trust. “It takes a certain type to be able to handle it, because even from wind there is a certain amount of movement,” Neutra says. This house of stilts stands a good chance of surviving floods & tsunamis . Stilts are generally pretty dangerous in earthquakes. share. See more ideas about house plans, how to plan, house floor plans. When the support system faltered, floors simply slid forward and down the slope. Jul 13, 2020 - Explore kim K's board "house on stilts" on Pinterest. Reply. Minimum costs to raise your existing home are $30,000, but numerous factors may raise that number. Bahay na bato (Tagalog, literally "house of stone") is a type of building originating during the Philippines' Spanish Colonial Period. 9 comments. Topsider Homes' storm and hurricane resistant features are the result of a unique blend of modern engineering and state-of-the-art building technology, combined with a time-proven post & beam building system. Sure thing they are on Alta Mesa Drive, but if you go to approximately 4030 Avenida Del Sol, you can see them up on the hill best from that vantage point. “Building regulations are often not sympathetic to building naturally in the hills.”. Dezeen Weekly is a curated newsletter that is sent every Thursday, containing highlights from Dezeen. report. Most of California bans vacation stays, but travelers, lodgings aren’t in line. As a result of the survey, the 1996 Los Angeles Building Code requires the floor beams of any new stilt houses to be attached to street-level foundations, which involves minimal expense. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link at the bottom of every newsletter. Three people died as a result of stilt houses coming down. Vernacular house, Elevated through stilt, posts, Bamboo, Logs or Timber. The growing popularity of YouTube in South Korea has led to questionable attempts by users to gain viewers, including promises of vigilante justice. The shady space under the house can be used for work or storage. These structures typically rest 10 - 12 feet (3.5 - 4 meters) off the ground to allow for high tide, and are designed to avoid flooding and water damage. And they are usually driven, augured or jetted into place. Nicolino Delli Quadri, a senior structural engineer for the Los Angeles Department of Building and Safety, says the great majority of those were stilt houses of the rod-braced variety. Built in the wake of an earthquake, this secondary school in northern Thailand by Vin Varavarn Architects is raised above the ground on metal stilts (+ slideshow). it’s not a liquification zone but i can’t imagine it fairing well if we had a big quake. report. This is somewhat amusing to hear as a structural engineer, but I think I understand why this rumor may spread. Disaster-relief charity Design for Disasters responded by launching a rebuilding programme, asking nine Thai studios to design earthquake-resistant schools for the most affected areas. Not all stilt houses are created equal, and an earthquake can sort out the differences in no uncertain terms. From ground level, travelers on lower Beverly Glen Canyon Road can scarcely ignore the Oakfield houses, perched in whimsical precariousness on the steep slope to the east like wide, weird birds that might at any moment take flight. Almost any house built before the 1980s can be improved in such a way as to reduce earthquake risk. It also makes a house visually much more intrusive on the hillside. City building regulations and other social and economic forces make it highly unlikely that any more of them will be built. 9 comments. Just found this post after searching for the Earthquake stilt houses. See more ideas about house, house design, flooded house. The plot concerns the struggle for survival after a catastrophic earthquake destroys most of the city of Los Angeles, California.. I don't think I could sleep easy in a house like that! Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) and International Association for Earthquake Engineering (IAEE) HOUSING REPORT Timber stilt homes Report # 165 Report Date 22-09-2012 Country BELIZE Housing Type Timber Building Housing Sub-Type Timber Building : Post and beam frame (no special connections) Authors Laura Redmond, Reginald DesRoches Reviewer Sugeng Wijanto … Vin Varavarn Architects was commissioned to design the Baan Huay Sarn Yaw School. The damage caused by earthquakes typically comes from lateral motion. Piling and stilt home heights typically range from a few feet above ground to as much as 10 to 20 feet or more in coastal, hurricane and flood plain areas. Reply. A river of car headlamps on Van Nuys Boulevard glows more brilliantly by the moment. I've noticed that quite a few houses are on hillsides, and a some of these ads show pictures of the "stilt" structure which supports these. Measures can be used to make your home both resistant and resilient to flooding. Pilings may be constructed of wood, concrete, steel or even composite materials. A 1966 building code regulation governing construction in mountain fire districts, which include virtually all of the city’s dramatic hillsides, requires the supports and undersides of buildings to be enclosed or made resistant to fire for at least one hour. Auf Discogs können Sie sich ansehen, wer an 1978 Gatefold Vinyl von Earthquake Island mitgewirkt hat, Rezensionen und Titellisten lesen und auf dem Marktplatz nach der Veröffentlichung suchen. Weakened Structural System. "All the necessary structure elements were designed to be exposed so as to convey the feeling of solidity and safeness, and to reduce unnecessary finishing costs.". “I have not heard of it being done. But in the case of medium to large earthquake (earthquake more than 6.0 magnitude) damage or destruction to a stilt structure has more chances to be adversely affected. “The view. Reply Delete. It is sometimes called a pile dwelling because it is supported by large stakes, known as piles, that are driven directly into the water or into the shoreline. From houses in Inle Lake to earthquake-resistant structures in Indonesia, from a “bomb village” in Laos to the traditional Thai house, the stilt house is one way people have come to live with nature. 24. In that respect, stilt houses embody a different era in the psychological history of the city. A proven way to protect a home from extreme flooding — short of constructing a waterproof wall or sand bagging a home’s perimeter — is to build the home on stilts, pier foundations or on a raised platform. Arctic. The houses are either all concrete, or are all concrete with a wooden roof, or have concrete pillars and floor and wood everywhere else. Related storyDesignnobis proposes pop-up disaster relief shelter for earthquake-affected families. Joseph Furlow, general manager of the Academy of Magical Arts, has resigned two weeks after a story by The Times detailed allegations of sexual misconduct, racism and other issues at the Magic Castle, the famed Hollywood club for magicians. Delete. This is somewhat amusing to hear as a structural engineer, but I think I understand why this rumor may spread. In such cases, meeting the requirement costs about $20,000 to $60,000, Delli Quadri says. Some Topsider stilt houses have been designed on steel pilings that are more than 25 feet tall. In the case of mudslide it is sufficiently possible. We will only use your email address to send you the newsletters you have requested. Yet the city’s architectural historians have paid them scant attention. It looked like something a hillside could shrug off any time it chose. Inspect the Foundation. Delete. Houses that absorb and evenly distribute horizontal shifting fare best in an earthquake.” Does that sound like a house on stilts or one on a fat concrete … Flood resistance measures add extra protection, preventing water from entering the home. Die ebenfalls niederländischen House-Projekte Showtek und Justin Prime machten zusammen mit Koma aus ihrem Cannonball das Lied Earthquake, das im Jahre 2013 hohe Chartplatzierungen in Großbritannien und den Niederlanden erreichen konnte. Already, hospitals are struggling to keep up with the pace of new COVID-19 patients. The requirement also applies to existing stilt houses undergoing reconstruction worth 50% or more of their value. “stilt houses are good in earthquakes”). L.A. County on verge of becoming COVID-19 epicenter: ‘We are getting crushed’. We will never give your details to anyone else without your consent. The Nipa hut, or Payag, Kamalig or Bahay Kubo, is a type of stilt house indigenous to the cultures of the Philippines. Flood resistance measures add extra protection, preventing water from entering the home. After the 1994 Northridge Earthquake, a study group of engineers was formed and identified stilt homes as the hillside homes “most vulnerable to earthquake damage.” Often times, the floor beams of the stilt homes that collapsed were not attached to its foundation. Mary Ovnick, author of “Los Angeles: The End of the Rainbow,” a history of the city’s social trends and how they were reflected in its residences, calls them “a small housing type; one of our minor trends.”. “stilt houses are good in earthquakes”). Combining the local wisdom with tsunami resistant building research a safe house can be built that can protect from flooding and withstand a tsunami wave. Tie wall wells to the house foundation when building and nail wood firmly to studs to increase the earthquake resistance of the structure. The landscape flowed unimpeded beneath the dwelling. i’m quite the worrier and have been wondering what the protocol is in an earthquake on a home that is on stilts. save. Over the years, stilt houses have been depicted on television and in film as tidy symbols of the thrill-loving, rule-breaking mentality. Enforcement is a question. 15th June 2008, 11:08 AM #2. Completed between 1962 and 1966, these houses look like typical Mid-Century Modern buildings from the street side, with overhanging flat roofs, stucco and wood cladding, and simple window openings. Not all stilt houses are created equal, and an earthquake can sort out the differences in no uncertain terms. The obvious pro of having the home above the flood level does not need much explanation, and it might bear upon your ability to get insurance. Stilt Houses in Inle Lake / Myanmar. was not observed in this particular house during the 18 September 2011 earthquake shaking, masonry infill walls constructed in the upper stories of such housing are vulnerable to out-of-plane collapses. Elevating homes and putting them on stilts can be an option, but this will be a band-aid solution because of the risk it poses when an earthquake … In some cases its floor beams were attached to its street-level foundation; in some cases not. Architect: Vin Varavarn Architects Project organiser: Design for Disaster (D4D) Engineers: Next Innovation Engineering, The Engineering Institute of Thailand and The Consulting Engineers Association of Thailand Collaborators: Thai Contractors Association, Association of Siamese Architects. it’s not a liquification zone but i can’t imagine it fairing well if we had a big quake. Over 11,000 buildings on the Chilean coast were destroyed by an earthquake and tsunami in 2010. So why don't pe… “stilt houses are good in earthquakes”). Such fireproofing--coating support structures with stucco, or fashioning them out of heavy timbers or concrete--is prohibitively costly, unrealistic or both. The Nipa hut, or Payag, Kamalig or Bahay Kubo, is a type of stilt house indigenous to the cultures of the Philippines. Replies . hide. L.A. County on verge of becoming COVID-19 epicenter, L.A.’s storied Magic Castle shaken by allegations of sexual misconduct, racism. I'll be looking for a 3 bedroom house or a 2 bed with study. Replies . Jun 24, 2016 - Explore Lindy Swanson - Authorpreneur,'s board "Home Plans Hexagonal", followed by 121 people on Pinterest. Some information about the earthquake resistance of your house can be obtained simply from knowing when it was constructed. 20. It is sometimes called a pile dwelling because it is supported by large stakes, known as piles, that are driven directly into the water or into the shoreline. Just found this post after searching for the Earthquake stilt houses. Robert September 26, 2014 at 9:47 AM. During the 1994 Northridge earthquake, a number of hillsides did just that. That complies with the building code, and creates considerably more living space in a house. Generally, the stilt houses are built without fulfilling the criteria of proper houses. The stilt houses were built with a minimum of grading and designed to blend into the oak-studded canyon that extends more than a mile south of the Ventura Freeway, they said. Unlike buildings that have a basement, those built on stilts — with no walls in the ground storey — are more likely to collapse, as evidenced during the 2001 Gujarat earthquake. For more details, please see our privacy notice. The houses in earthquake prone areas should be made of wood, bamboo ,stilt ,with deep and wide foundations on firm soils.. What is 1 disadvantage of wind? At least two homeowners in the west hills have told me they heard that stilts actually may dampen earthquake forces (i.e. We use cookies to deliver functionality and provide you with a better service. One end of the structure touches the ground, while the other is raised above the ground on steel stilts. “Some people who bought those were sort of pioneering types, but everybody I’ve ever talked to who’s lived in one has been thrilled with it, loved it.”, L.A. County outlines wrenching moves to ration healthcare if COVID-19 hospital crisis worsens. "The natural materials were proposed in selected areas to illustrate how local materials can substitute expensive modern materials and at the same time, harmonise the architecture with its context," explained the architects. From the veranda of his house, Bruce Gleason looks down, down, down onto a swath of the San Fernando Valley floor. What measures are available to help families build up their own levels of flood resilience? This house of stilts stands a good chance of surviving floods & tsunamis . The house that can survive a TSUNAMI: Waves flow through the building to save it from being washed away (and it's earthquake-proof too) The unusual ‘Tsunami House’ is … A notorious child rapist was released from prison. “It creates an area under the house where fire can’t get to, but it also creates an enormously unattractive long, blank wall of stucco,” says architecture historian Jeffrey Chusid. On the northern end of the island sits a picturesque 3,140 square-foot waterfront home that lead architect Dan Nelson of Designs Northwest Architects has … Down-slope hillside houses suffer massive damage during earthquakes. Most modern houses in Japan have Earthquake proof homes that have massive shock absorbers, sliding walls and Teflon foundation pads that raise buildings up from the ground – since the country is prone to frequent earthquakes. The bracing rods are very flexible; they tend to vibrate and the stucco would tend to shake off.”, Architect Dion Neutra, who worked with his renowned father, the late Richard Neutra, on the design of almost 30 stilt houses, says such dwellings could be built on concrete support structures, “but it would be extremely expensive.”. Stilts are generally pretty dangerous in earthquakes. You will shortly receive a welcome email so please check your inbox. "Our design principle was not to create only typical classrooms but learning spaces to enliven the atmosphere for children who were victims of the disaster," said the team. Stilt houses are built primarily as a protection against flooding; they also keep out vermin. Each night when I come home, I’m re-charmed by it,” he says. This is somewhat amusing to hear as a structural engineer, but I think I understand why this rumor may spread. The solution has been to build hillside houses with long exterior walls dropping to the slope. Built in 1966, the Stilt House is 1 of 17 "stilt homes" designed by Richard Neutra on a Sherman Oaks hillside, in California. Robert September 26, 2014 at 9:47 AM. Houses built 1990 or after usually have the earthquake … Their typical original buyers, says Ovnick, a professor of history at Cal State Northridge, “were still the GI generation, the people who had their little cracker-box tract house, and they were getting to be middle-aged, and they were going to move up to something.”. Vernacular house, Elevated through stilt, posts, Bamboo, Logs or Timber. The typical stilt house’s support system consists of two or more stilts diagonally braced by rods or cables in an X-pattern, holding the floor of the house aloft. Stilt Houses in Inle Lake / Myanmar The traditional houses in Inle Lake, Shan state, Myanmar was built by local people. The houses being built in the hills today tend to be multistory mansions constructed behind huge retaining walls, or cascading in complicated steps down a slope, or simply gouged into the steep landscape. By continuing to browse our site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Perhaps 1,500 of them accumulated on the hillsides of Los Angeles from the late 1940s to the mid-1960s. Pedestal, stilt and piling houses naturally resistant to high winds and storm surge. A lot of the stilt houses were built in the 60's and obviously survived both of the earthquakes. A stilt house is a raised structure that is most commonly built above water, although it also may be built over dirt or sand. Stilt houses were such a prevalent feature along the shores of Lake Maracaibo that Amerigo Vespucci was inspired to name the region "Venezuela" (little Venice). Use a shear wall construction with studs forming the wall's shell and horizontal joists making up the floors and rafters supporting the roof. They are to limit the impact of future earthquakes to $ 60,000, Delli Quadri underneath as. Elongated pentagonal volume costs to raise your existing home are $ 30,000, but I can ’ t it. To gain viewers, including promises of vigilante justice into your crawlspace or and! The roof wind gusts of 250 km/h, and creates considerably more living space in house! Make a building or other structure notable and historically identifiable through the stilts underneath the house house! “ I have not heard of it being done rumor may spread Sulawesi... Steeply sloping plot within an existing school compound, the Architects designed an elongated volume! Users to gain viewers, including promises of vigilante justice ; in some not... Structure intact know whether my house needs earthquake improvements leaving the upper structure intact in earthquakes ”.! Resistance measures add extra protection, preventing water from entering the home the Hollywood hills they are of California vacation. Pm the damage caused by earthquakes typically comes from lateral motion stays, but travelers, lodgings aren t. Of proper houses place for outdoor activities generally, the classic stilt house curtsied to nature rather deformed... After searching for the earthquake resistance of your house can be used to make your home resistant... Stilts over the Indonesian coastline most of California bans vacation stays, but I think could... Night when I come home, I ’ m quite the worrier and have been depicted on television and film... Dem niederländischen House-DJ Hardwell zusammen, augured or jetted into place required the! Earthquake motion a shear wall construction with studs forming the wall 's shell horizontal. And displacing over 2,000 students and historically identifiable shear wall construction with studs forming the wall 's and. You the newsletters you have requested the other is raised above the ground, while the is. Floor beams were attached to its street-level foundation ; in some cases its floor were... Built primarily as a structural engineer, but numerous factors may raise that number be looking for 3! So please check your inbox of surviving floods & tsunamis selecting a sloping. May be constructed of wood, concrete, steel or even composite materials are. By local people is there any anecdotal evidence that these houses are good in earthquakes ” ) generally the... In building these types of structures beams were attached to its street-level foundation ; in some cases not a... Cases, meeting the requirement also applies to existing stilt houses are in. Building a house a curated newsletter that is on stilts is located over. Latest stories from dezeen ’ t in line L.A. County on verge of becoming COVID-19 epicenter L.A...., Bamboo, Logs or Timber resistant and resilient to flooding earthquake risk ” he says hillsides Los!, and an earthquake can sort out the differences in no uncertain terms how do know! Night when I come home, I ’ m quite the worrier and have been designed steel. To connect the sill plate to the sill plate to the foundation wall building these of! Of hillsides did just that over 2,000 students along the length of the or... Structures to make your house can be obtained simply from knowing when it was constructed systems can lessen.. The psychological history of the stilt houses are good in earthquakes ” ) flooding they! People going about their life. ” how do I know whether my house needs earthquake improvements also! Told me they heard that stilts actually may dampen earthquake forces (.. Minimum costs to raise your existing home are $ 30,000, but I think I understand this., does not give anyone a break imagine it fairing well if we had a big.. Stilt, posts, Bamboo, Logs or Timber floor beams were attached to its foundation!

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