pleiades star cluster legends

There are several different myths that tell the story of how t… Many legends of cultural anthropology around the world are concerned with the Pleiades. In Greek mythology, the cluster represents the Seven Sisters, companions of the goddess Artemis and daughters of the sea-nymph Pleione and the Titan Atlas, who held the celestial spheres on his shoulders. Modern observing methods have revealed that over 400 mostly faint stars form the Pleiades star cluster. They have been the subject of myths and legends in almost every culture on the planet. The stars are all blue in color and seem to have a fuzzy glow around them. While there are seven sisters and stars mentioned in the classical Greek mythology, the Pleiades are composed of hundreds of stars. It does not have an NGC designation. Messier 45 (M45), also known as the Pleiades or Seven Sisters, is a bright open star cluster located in the constellation Taurus, the Bull. As the Pleiades are primarily winter stars, they feature prominently in the ancient agricultural calendar. They continue to charm and fascinate to this day. The others reached the sky, and are now what we call the Pleiades, and the Onondagas Oot-kwa-tah. Some sources claim that the name ‘Pleiades’ originates from the ancient Greek word ‘plein’, meaning ‘to sail’. Here only Greek legends are presented. The Pleiades, in Greek mythology, are the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione (named Alcyone, Merope, Electra, Celaeno, Taygeta, Maia, and Asterope). The beautiful Pleiades cluster and dominant Orion constellation are two of the most well-recognized groupings of stars in the night sky. So by legend, the Pleiades and the Hyades are half-sisters. The Pleiades contains over 3000 stars, is about 400 light years away, and only 13 light years across. The mythology associated with the Pleiades cluster is extensive; Burnham alone devotes eight pages to the subject, and Allen more than twice that number (see references). There these seven stars formed the star cluster known thereafter as the Pleiades. The Pleiades open star cluster is one of the most identifiable celestial objects, even for the novice astronomer. The brightest star of the Pleiades cluster lies at an approximate distance of 440 light-years away from Earth. Also known as the "Seven Sisters" and Messier 45, the object derives its English name from Greek legend. Pleiades Cluster Culmination LIVE stream - Watch the spectacular Pleiades star online HERE THE magnificent Pleiades star cluster will make its spectacular midnight culmination tonight. The entire Pleiades cluster is actually the eye of the bull in the constellation of Taurus. The Seven Sisters are also known as the ‘Water Girls’ or the ‘Ice Maidens’, due to their association with water, be it seas, rivers, rain, hail, snow, ice or frost. This cluster contains approximately one thousand hot stars of spectral type B of middle age. The Pleiades cluster has an apparent magnitude of 1.6 and lies at an average distance of 444 light years from Earth. See more ideas about the pleiades, astronomy, space and astronomy. The Pleiades (/ ˈ p l iː ə d iː z /, / ˈ p l aɪ ə d iː z /), also known as the Seven Sisters and Messier 45, is an open star cluster containing middle-aged, hot B-type stars in the north-west of the constellation Taurus. and 720 B.C. The seven girls became the Pleiades and the grooves on Devils Tower are the marks of the bear’s claws. How does this confirm what the ancients knew about the Pleiades? They are the daughters of Atlas and Pleione, who are also represented by stars in the cluster. The Pleiades is a beautiful group of stars which can currently be found to the West early in the evening (see the earlier Astronomy at a Distance article on Constellations for more information). Atlas was well-known for his beautiful offspring, and so the Pleiades were sisters to the Hesperides , the Hyades, and Hyas. ‘Subaru’ also means ‘unite’ or ‘unity’ in Japanese. The name Maia means ‘mother’ in Latin and in other translations, Maia also means ‘nurse’ or ‘Great One’. While in Greek legends the Hyades and Pleiades are half-sisters, when it comes to astronomy, the two star clusters aren’t related at all. The Navajo call the Pleiadian star cluster the “Sparkling Suns,” and the Iroquois petition the constellation for happiness. Historically, the Pleiades were seen as a group of 'seven' stars – its brightest stars: Alcyone, Atlas, Electra, Maia, Merope, Taygeta and Pleione are visible to the keen naked eye. During the Halcyon days – when the world was filled with joy, prosperity and tranquillity – she watched over the Mediterranean Sea, making it calm and safe for sailors. The actual number of Pleiades stars visible, however, may be more or less than seven, depending on the darkness of the surrounding sky and the clarity of the observer's eyesight. In a rage, Zeus waited for the lovers to separate before launching a thunderstorm over the seas, causing Ceyx’s boat to capsize and him to drown. The Pleiades cluster, also known as Messier 45, is one of the closest open clusters to Earth. Throughout history, people from all corners of the globe have woven into myths their fascination with the famous star cluster known as the Pleiades. The total mass contained in the cluster is estimated to be about 800 solar masses. A common legend with a modern twist is that one of the brighter stars faded since the cluster was named, leaving only six of the sister stars visible to the unaided eye. Alcyone has an apparent magnitude of 2.87 and an absolute magnitude of -2.62. … To protect them from Orion’s relentless amorous advances, Zeus changed them into a flock of doves which he then set in the heavens. The Western Mono Indians believed the Pleiades stars represented a group of wives who were excessively fond of eating onions and were thrown out of their homes by angry husbands! Their father, whom they called Dunia, was transformed into a crocodile to stop his incestuous ways. The Greek poet Hesiod mentions the Pleiades several times in his Works and Days. That glow is the combined light from 500 stars that are members of this open star cluster. They begged the rock to save them, and it grew higher and higher until they were pushed up into the sky. There these seven stars formed the star cluster known thereafter as the Pleiades. It lies near the shoulder of Taurus (The Bull) constellation, past the Aldebaran, which depicts the Bull’s Eye to the right of Orion’s Belt. The actual number of Pleiades stars visible, however, may be more or less than seven, depending on the darkness of the surrounding sky and the clarity of the observer's eyesight. About a quarter of these are brown dwarfs, though these “failed stars contribute only 1 or 2% to the total mass. A common legend with a modern twist is that one of the brighter stars faded since the cluster was named, leaving only six of the sister stars visible to the unaided eye. She was the mother of Oinomaos by Ares, the god of war. However she had many children including sons Lycus (wolf) and Chimaereus (part lion, dragon and goat) by the Titan Prometheus, and sons Lycus and Nycteus by Poseidon, the god of the sea. Another name for the Pleiades star cluster in Blackfoot legends is the Bunched stars. by kevin kiner star wars rebels - season 2, episode 14, legends of the lasat The Pleiades are collectively known in India as Krittika, the wives of the seven wise men named the ‘Seven Rishis’ or ‘Seven Sages’, or the six mothers of the war god Murugan who developed six faces, one for each of them. Aboriginal tribes from the Northern Territories call the Seven Sisters the ‘Yunggarmurra Water Girls’. As a constellation, the Pleiades are located in the constellation of Taurus, where they form what is now known as an open star cluster. The Navajo call the Pleiadian star cluster the “Sparkling Suns,” and the Iroquois petition the constellation for happiness. The entire Pleiades cluster is actually the eye of the bull in the constellation of Taurus.. There are similarities here to Merope’s father, Atlas, who kept the weight of the world on his shoulders. There are 250-500 stars within the cluster, although only nine have been named. When it comes to ancient Ireland, star lore is conspicuous by its absence. Ancient Irish Star Lore: The Pleiades, Fairies and the Dead. In Wyoming, North America, stands Mateo Tipi – or Devil’s Tower as it is now widely known – a 1,200 ft tall rock formation. Saddened by their lonely lives on earth, they asked the Great Spirit to let them play together in the sky. Named for its shape, the California Nebula is much dimmer and hence harder to see than the Pleiades. The son of a morning star, Ceyx, the King of Thessaly, and Alcyone were married and devoted to each other, until the day they deceived Zeus and Hera by pretending to be them. In The Seven Sisters series of novels, the sisters’ stories are based mainly on Greek mythology, but there are many more legends from around the world: The Pleiades were seven sisters: Maia, Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, Taygete, Electra, and Merope. Also known as the Seven Sisters and M45, the Pleiades is one of the brightest and closest open clusters. The Pleiades contains over 3000 stars, is about 400 light years away, and only 13 light years across. While in Greek legends the Hyades and Pleiades are half-sisters, when it comes to astronomy, the two star clusters aren’t related at all. Some creationists have suggested that astrophysical information… Most ancient cultures claim seven stars. It was the subject of myth and legend … Jul 4, 2015 - Explore Jade Dubien's board "Pleiadians", followed by 191 people on Pinterest. On the lower left, shining in red, is the California Nebula. As the Pleiades are primarily winter stars, … They were thought to have been translated to the night sky as a cluster of stars, the Pleiades, and were associated with rain. Their parents were Atlas, a Titan who held up the sky, and the oceanid Pleione, the protectress of sailing. The tiny cluster now lies on the bull’s shoulder. A common legend with a modern twist is that one of the brighter stars faded since the cluster was named, leaving only six stars visible to the unaided eye. After a chance meeting with the hunter Orion, the Pleiades and their mother became the object of his pursuit. The Pleiades cluster is rich with stars — certainly 1,000, perhaps more than 3,000. Located in the Taurus constellation, the cluster is the subject of many legends and writings. The Greek poet Hesiod mentions the Pleiades several times in his Works and Days. The frightened girls leapt onto a small rock and asked the Great Spirit to protect them. This cluster contains approximately one thousand hot stars of spectral type B of middle age. The Pleiades star cluster is a beautiful and familiar sight, as seen in this image from the second Palomar Observatory Sky Survey. On a star chart they would be designated M45 (Messier 45). Taygete (Tiggy) – in the myths, Taygete, like Maia, valued her independence and lived alone in the mountains. However, when the car company Subaru chose the name for their business, they decided to depict only six stars in the company logo, supposedly because only six of the stars are visible to the naked eye. A long time ago a party of Indians went through the woods toward a good hunting-ground, which they had long known. Some sources claim that Electra is the ‘lost Pleiad’ after she vanished following the fall of Troy and Dardanus’ death. Humankind has always looked up to the Pleiades star constellation for guidance. The Greek legends often refer to the sisters as ‘Oceanids’. Sitting on the shoulder of Taurus is the open star cluster named the 7-Sisters of Pleiades. 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