ryegrass scientific name

Also grown in subtropical areas of Australia, S America and S Africa; in the tropics, ryegrass is grown to a limited extent at high altitudes, e.g. It is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, but is widely cultivated and naturalised around the world. Note that this species can be a weed in winter crops. Sowing/planting rates as single species Pasture: 25-30 kg/ha (diploid cultivars); 20-40 (4n) Lawn: 1-2 kg/100 sqm Parks, rehabilitation or revegetation single species: 75 kg to 100 kg per hectare. Festuca perennis is the legitimate scientific name for annual ryegrass. In the northern part of the state, productivity is seen from mid-February to May. Ryegrass varies from the most persistent (perennial ryegrass) to the least persistent (annual ryegrass) and can be broadly categorised by how long they live or persist. perennial ryegrass; International Common Names. The plants are unrelated to cereal rye (Secale cereale). Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). It grows vigorously in winter and early spring. The common name of this plant in Spanish is raigrás italiano. Annual ryegrass is hairless and has bright green, narrow leaves. Common Name: Red Clover Scientific Name: Trifolium pratense Family: Fabaceae Darnel (L. temulentum), also known as poison ryegrass or tare, is considered a noxious weed in many areas. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Preferred Scientific Name. Ryegrass, (genus Lolium), genus of about 10 species of grass in the family Poaceae. Sow at 20-25kg/ha alone or 5-15kg/ha as part of a mix. Lolium contains some species which are important grasses for lawns, and as pasture and for grazing and hay for livestock, being a highly nutritious stock feed. [12] Ryegrass pollen is also one of the major causes of hay fever. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Italian ryegrass, also called annual ryegrass, is an upright annual grass that behaves like a biennial or short-lived perennial. Lolium perenne L. – perennial ryegrass. ... Scientific Name Lolium multiflorum. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Lolium perenne ssp. Omissions? Stems are 12 to 40 inches tall and pale green to yellowish. It consists of a flowering culm with alternate leaves about 1-3' tall. aristatum . The inflorescence (flowering stems) are flat and up to 300mm in length. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Lolium perenne. The ergot body drops to the ground with the seed, lies dormant through the winter and produces millions of spores in the spring. Like many cool-season grasses of the Poaceae, it harbors a symbiotic fungal endophyte, either Epichloë or its close relative Neotyphodium, both of which are members of the fungal family Clavicipitaceae. The plant is often infected with a poisonous fungus (Neotyphodium species) that can be dangerous to grazing animals. There is a large range of cultivars. [10][11], Some species, particularly L. temulentum, are weeds which can have a severe impact on the production of wheat and other crops. Lolium perenne var. Species Plantarum 1: 83, https://grdc.com.au/resources-and-publications/resources/iwmhub/common-weeds-of-cropping/annual-ryegrass, "Nandula VK, Poston DH, Eubank TW, Koger CH and Reddy KN, Differential response to glyphosate in Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) populations from Mississippi. Updates? Scientific Name: Perennial Lolium Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae; Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiosperms Class: Monocotyledonae How to Plant Ryegrass. Grasses: Hybrid ryegrass. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is regarded as an environmental weed in New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia. Glyphosate-resistant Lolium has been reported from Mississippi in 2006. A number of species are grown as forage and lawn grasses in temperate Eurasia and Africa, and both perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum) are important constituents of … The flower spikelets grow in the angles of a zigzag rachis (flower stem). Annual ryegrass (Lolium perenne ssp. Annual and Italian ryegrass These two ryegrass species are described together because they are used in similar situations, for their fast establishment and high winter - early spr… multiflorumor Lolium multiflorum) is an annual in the grass family (Poaceae). [13][14] Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Lolium perenne ssp. English: annual ryegrass; westerwold ryegrass; Spanish: ballico de Italia; … The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Plant Characteristics. Italicum . Common Name: Annual Ryegrass Scientific Name: Lolium multiflorum Family: Poaceae Cool-Season Grass. Italian ryegrass; Other Scientific Names. Annual ryegrass can be grazed when plants reach an approximate height of 6-8 inches. Sow into bared ground if direct drilling. The scientific name of Perennial ryegrass is Lolium Perenne, and the scientific name of annual ryegrass is Lolium Multiflorum. Lolium is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, as well as being cultivated and naturalized in Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. It has a wide ligule, long auricles and the emerging leaf is folded. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). This clump forming grass spreads by seed and has a fibrous root system. Suitable for oversowing into an established stand. Tetraploid annual type; The culm is pale green, terete, glabrous, and unbranched. There's more than one kind of ryegrass; in fact, three different types of grasses contain \"rye\" in their names. Annual - Less than one year Italian - 1-2 years Short rotation - 2-5 years Perennial- 5 years 1. Lolium multiflorum . Annual ryegrass toxicity, ergot and herbicide resistance can be a problem with this species. The leaves are shiny, especially on the back of the blade. Annual ryegrass is also called Italian ryegrass and is closely related to perennial ryegrasses. Lolium perenne, common name perennial ryegrass, English ryegrass, winter ryegrass, or ray grass, is a grass from the family Poaceae. Leaves are long and narrow, without hairs, are ribbed on the upper surface and have a shiny lower surface. The scientific name of Perennial Ryegrass is the botanical name or formal name. A number of species are grown as forage and lawn grasses in temperate Eurasia and Africa, and both perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum) are important constituents of pasture and lawn-seed mixtures used around the world. Key Features. The tufted plants reach about 0.3 to 1 metre (1 to 3.3 feet) tall and have tough dark green leaves. The plants have extensive root systems and are useful for erosion control. Lolium italicum A. Braun; International Common Names. Lower stems and nodes are often purplish or reddish. Italian ryegrass and perennial ryegrass can hybridize, result… Ryegrasses are naturally diploid, with 2n=14, and are closely related to the fescues (Festuca).[5][6][7][8]. NOTE: Italian ryegrass (annual type) Cultivars of annual type Italian ryegrass are listed separately in the annualryegrass fact sheet NOTE: Hybrid ryegrass (long-lived type) Classed technically as hybrid ryegras… By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Italian ryegrass. Lolium perenne (Table 1) Lolium x boucheanumKunth (Table 2) - Refer Hybrid ryegrass fact sheet for details re description etc. The primary species found worldwide and used for both lawns and as a forage crop is perennial ryegrass(Lolium perenne). Diploid ryegrass has a relatively small seed compared to tetraploid ryegrass and may be sown at a lighter rate. English: English ryegrass; Italian ryegrass; perennial rye grass; Spanish: ballico perenne; raigras ingles; vallico; French: ivraie vivace; ray-grass anglais; Portuguese: azevem-vivaz; gazao Cereal ryegrass germinates at temperatures as low as 34° F, is also drought-resistant, and flourishes in light soils, where most ryegrasses have problems growing. Duration: Annual Stem Texture: Hairless/Smooth Growth Habit: Bunch grass, Grasses Season: Cool Distribution: 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah, 04 - Blackland Prairies, 05 - Cross Timbers and Prairies, 07 - Edwards Plateau, 08 - Rolling Plains, 09 - High Plains, 10 - Trans-Pecos Now, with that being said, annual ryegrass actually used to go by the name of Lolium multiflorum. [15], World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Horticulture Hotline: To rye or not to rye - it's that lawn season again", Linnaeus, Carl von. Common Name: Crimson Clover Scientific Name: Trifolium incarnatum Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. Scientific name — Secale Cereale, cereal ryegrass is noted for its late fall to early spring nutrient scavenging and grazing potential, and is taller and quicker-growing than wheat. It is the principal grazing grass in New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are produced every year. Weed Tech 21: 477–482 (2006).doi 10.1614/WT-06-168.1", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lolium&oldid=993752444, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 08:26. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Lolium perenne . Ryegrass, (genus Lolium), genus of about 10 species of grass in the family Poaceae. As the name suggests, annual ryegrass is a short-lived grass used to provide quick color, short-term erosion control or temporary stability for a single season. It is found throughout California to about 3300 feet (1000 m), except in deserts and the Great Basin and inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed places. Lolium multiflorum Lam. The ergot of ryegrass (Lolium spp.) The scientific name of Italian Ryegrass is the botanical name or formal name. 1753. The most important cultivated temperate grasses. Plant Characteristics. This species is grown as a pasture grass and is also deliberately planted in recreation areas in the temperate regions of Australia. Name: Ryegrass - Annual (Lolium rigidum) Description: Annual self-regenerating aggressive winter-spring growing ryegrass. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/ryegrass, The Spruce - Annual Ryegrass Plant Information, United States Department of Agriculture - Ryegrass, rye grass - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Developed to combine strengths of perennialand Italian ryegrasses, particularly increased cool season growth and increased nutritive value (eg water soluble carbohydrate). The scientific name for annual or Italian ryegrass is Lolium multiflorum Lamarck (Munz, 1973). Spikel… Lolium perenne L. Preferred Common Name. Scientific Name Lolium perenne ssp. Italian ryegrass and a related species, perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne, are the two most common weedy ryegrasses in California. Both names essentially mean the same thing, and there really isn’t that much more to say about the name. The primary species found worldwide and used both for lawns and as a forage crop is perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). 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